Noters Top


All material and leather upholstery coverings are made from many stuff. Sometimes in case you need to do a little research on what a selected fabric or leather-based is product of and how the feel could have an effect on the sturdiness, some unexpected phrases might be used. In this text is an intensive listing of maximum of the phrases that would be used for a specific material or leather-based created. Having this understanding at your fingertips will assist you get through the technical terminology every now and then used be producers for this clarification. As specialists, we hope those fundamental terms will help you. Good Luck and happy mastering!


ABSORBENT: This is the potential to take on and maintain moisture. The degree of absorbency at once determines how a fiber will preserve soils and stains.

ACETATE: Very lustrous and costly to touch. Takes dyes, and tone on tone dyes thoroughly and is immune to pilling. A synthetic fiber used to make material tackle a silk like appearance. Relatively low price and is powerful when mixed with stronger fibers.

ACRYLIC: A artificial fiber with a tender wooly feel. Accepts vivid shades and retains its form well. Have fair abrasion resistance and top notch daylight resistance. Good in velvet and different plush Tissus coton bio.

BALANCE: It is the proportion of vertical (warp) to filling yarns. The extra even the balance, the more durable the material.

BACKING: A coating that is carried out or sprayed onto the back of cloth to save you seam slippage and excess wear.

BONDED FABRIC: A fabric together with two or extra layers of fabric joined together with resin, rubber, adhesive, or foam.

BOUCLIS: A undeniable weave the use of uneven yarns with a loop surface. This offers the fabric a tough appearance to the face of the material.

BROCADE: A multi-coloured jacquard woven material with a floral or figured sample emphasized in opposition to a undeniable heritage of a satin weave. These styles are shaped through the creation of extra filling yarns.

BROCATELLE: This is a variation of brocade. The cease result is that the fabric seems to have greater depth.

CALANDER: Process of urgent material among two rollers or plates to acquire a smooth or glazed finish.

CARDING: A process of beginning and cleansing fibers, commonly cotton. This separates fibers from each other, lays them parallel, and condenses them into a singular continuous untwisted strand, known as “slivers.”

CHINTZ: This plain tightly woven material crafted from quality yarns. These yarns are processed with a glazed end, which offers it a elegant look. Chintz may be plain dyed or published.

COATED FABRICS: This is a surface coating. Coated cloth finishes use substances inclusive of lacquer, resin, plastic, or varnish, to present them impermeability for spot and stain resistance. The higher first-rate coated fabrics can simulate actual leather.

CORDUROY: A material made of cotton or nylon with ridges or cords in the pile. This cloth is relatively long lasting and cleans thoroughly. It is broadly used as a high use fabric.

COTTON: This is one of the world’s oldest and maximum popular fabric. Cotton is powerful, versatile, smooth, and resistant to pilling. Fabric made from yarn spun and woven from the seedpod of the cotton plant. This fiber is regularly combined with others. Cotton is famous for home upholstery use due to its herbal, environmentally safe residences.

DAMASK: A firm textured cloth with patterns just like brocade, but lighter. It is a sleek jacquard woven fabric with floral or geometric patterns, which may combine satin weaves with others.

FLOAT: This is the part of a filling yarn that rides over or extra adjacent vertical (warp) yarns. The easy texture of satin-damask is the end result of huge floats within the material.

FLOCKS: The method of flocking is more of a printing method than weaving. Gluing brief fibers onto material backings, the use of an adhesive, makes flocked velvets. The textures range from flocked velvet to woven velvet. Woven is softer.

HAITIAN COTTON: This fiber is loomed via the usage of bits of seeds, stems, and other impurities. Water can reason those seeds to release a dye that can cause damage. Haitian cotton is woven using a basket weave. The fiber is powerful, however outstanding care wishes to be considering this form of cotton. It is surprisingly absorbent, making soil and stain removal difficult and high priced.

JACQUARD: Intricate technique of weaving wherein a head-movement on the top of the loom holds and operates a fixed of punched playing cards consistent with the sample desired. Jacquard fabric encompass damask, brocades, and brocatelle.

LINEN: Fabric woven from the natural great fiber derived from the flax plant. Some properties of linen are excessive moisture absorption, no fuzziness, a natural luster and stiffness.

MOIRE: This is a high luster cloth. Moire has a watered silk impact on fabrics. This material is without problems broken through water. A simple liquid spill can completely cast off the moir impact. This material can best be cleaned with solvent, and must only be utilized in a low use or ornamental region of your own home.

NYLON: This artificial fiber is extraordinarily durable and lengthy wearing. Though fairly warmth sensitive, this man-made fiber has accurate soil resistance, and occasional water absorbency. Nylon has a high wear resistance and precise cleaning traits. It is less proof against pilling, and has a tender but cool feel except blended with other fibers.

OLEFIN: The maximum stain resistance of all fabric. Olefin is extremely strong and durable, with excessive resistance to soiling. This fabric can have a smooth experience, relying on the tightness of the weave, and resists shade fading.

PILLING: This happens whilst a fiber is robust and bendy. Instead of breaking off, the fibers elongate and twist collectively to form ugly balls of fiber.

POLYESTER: Another artificial fiber is very strong. However, it does now not withstand some soils and stains in addition to a few different fibers. Polyester seems very similar to cotton, however has low to mild resistance to put on strong light. It has a completely soft experience and look. It could be a terrific desire for an extremely low use place.

RAYON: This fiber is low value and very versatile. Rayon blends well with different fabric, including nylon. By itself, rayon is a terrible cloth choice. Rayon must be solvent cleaned. This is a natural fiber with many use and cleaning barriers.

SILK: This herbal fiber spun from the cocoons of silkworms. Silk is the most powerful of the protein fibers, but is without problems broken by means of daylight. Silk is enormously absorbent, making soil and stains tough to remove. This is a fiber this is best mixed with extra long lasting fabrics.

TAPESTRIES: These are complicated vertical (warp) woven brocades regularly displaying pictorial scenes. Tapestries are loomed on jacquard looms and are typically a mix of fibers to get the favored cease end result.

VELOUR: This is a term given to fabrics usually with a brief reduce pile. Velour is generally cotton or nylon. This material offers a plush look to anything it covers. It in all fairness sensitive and have to not be used in excessive use areas.

VELVET: A material in which a succession of rows of short cut pile stand so near together as to provide a good uniform look. Velvet also, is normally cotton or nylon giving this material a very soft and highly-priced appearance and feel. The nylon velvet is greater durable than the cotton. The visual look of each is very comparable, however the fiber variations ought to decide in which it is for use.

VELVETEEN: Velveteen is a durable, sheared pile woven fabric. It is often manufactured of cotton or guy-made material, which resembles velvet, though the pile isn’t always as upright. The fiber traits are the same as velvet and velveteen.

WARP: When a cloth is loomed, the vertical yarns are known as warp or filling yarns.

WEFT: These are the yarns that run horizontally in a material.

The range of warp or weft yarns used, adjustments the density and the sort of weave used, for that reason determining the stop result.

WOOL: A natural fiber made from the fur of sheep and other animals. Wool is noticeably absorbent but loses energy when wet.


ANILINE: that is the type of dye used to present the disguise its initial colour.

ANILINE DYING: this is the procedure of putting hides into a drum. The dye is authorized to soak absolutely through the hide.

ANILINE FINISH: Also referred to as natural aniline leather-based. Aniline end leather-based is full grain leather, which has been soaked in aniline dye. With this end, no pigmented or clean-covered finishes are carried out. Only the first-class hides, which might be rather free of gross imperfections, can be made into aniline end leather-based. It is soft, pliable and taken into consideration the highest quality grade of leathers.

BRANDS: This mark is a simple, without difficulty diagnosed sample made by way of burning the cattle’s skin with a warm iron. Used for the functions of identity, brands are typically reduce out of the hides and do no longer appear at the completed upholstery.

BUFFING: Hides are often buffed, the use of a massive sanding system to decrease the advent of gross imperfections, inclusive of scratches or wrinkles, inside the finished leather-based. This process makes the leather more uniform, however additionally eliminates the herbal grain and markings that make each conceal particular and character.

CORRECTED GRAIN: Top grain leather-based that has been sanded or buffed to remove any gross imperfections inside the hide. The disguise is then usually pigmented and embossed.

DRUM DYED: This dying procedure is performed through tumbling leather-based in a rotating drum to gain overall penetration of the dye.

EMBOSSING / PLATING: Embossing or plating is the method that creates a texture on leather through impressing it with a pattern. This is routinely imprinted the usage of heat or high pressure to create styles like ostrich, alligator, or floral prints at the leather-based. Top grain with immoderate imperfections is regularly buffed easy after which embossed with a grain pattern.

FINISHING: This makes the leather more long lasting, coloring substances are applied to the cover, which give abrasion and stain resistance in addition to color enhancement. This system typically requires three or four coating operations. Generally, the greater end that is applied to the leather, the stiffer it becomes. Aniline or semi aniline dyed or vat dyed leathers, will have a tendency to be softer than pigmented leathers, seeing that this can be conquer by using milling the cover. (See Milling).

FULL ANILINE LEATHER: Aniline dyed and aniline finished leathers have no pigments. This kind of leather-based has all of nature’s marks nevertheless completely visible, improving the beauty of the disguise.

FULL GRAIN: Unaltered surface of the disguise, which has been aniline, dyed however has now not been buffed or sanded.

GRAIN: These are patterns or markings at the leather surface. Naturally going on grain is caused by wrinkles, marking, and pores within the conceal.

HAND: The softness or feel of the leather is referred as the “hand”.

Well, there you have got it, all the foremost information on what these phrases suggest to you. Good good fortune and glad buying.

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